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Country analysis > Angola Last update: 2020-11-27  

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Since April 2002 Angola has been living in a climate of peace, emerging from almost three decades of conflict that severely affected the human, social and economic fabric of the country.

Twenty-seven years of conflict resulted in the disruption of the economy, massive destruction of the social, economic and physical infrastructures of the country and the deficient delivery of basic social services such as education, health, housing, water and sanitation to the vast majority of Angolans.

The social and economic cost of so many years of war translate into extremely low social indicators, placing Angola among the least developed countries of the world in terms of human development, with a Human Development Index of 0,445 ranking the country 160th out of 177 countries, according to the 2005 Human Development Report. 2000-2001 estimates reveal that 68 per cent of the population were living below the poverty line (set at a value equivalent to $ 1.7 per adult equivalent per day), while 28 per cent were in a situation of extreme poverty (set at a value equivalent to $ 0.75 per adult equivalent per day).

In such a context, the major challenges faced by post-conflict Angola are the consolidation of peace; national reconciliation and the creation of an enabling environment for reconstruction; and the development of an integrated, self-sufficient national economy leading to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (adopted by the Government during the Millennium Summit held in New York in September 2000).

In July 2003 the Government launched the first "2003 MDG / NEPAD Report", which provides baseline indicators against which progress will be measured until 2015.

During the first three-and-a-half years of peace, the strategic priorities of the Government of Unity and National Reconciliation were directed towards (i) the social and productive reintegration of demobilized soldiers and populations displaced during the war; (ii) improved delivery of basic social services to people throughout the country; and (iii) the macro-economic stabilization.

In order to provide a policy framework for the implementation of these priorities, the Government formulated a number of short-, medium- and long-term programmes, in particular the National Poverty Reduction Strategy (Estratйgia de Combate б Pobreza, approved in January 2004) and the Biennial Programme for 2005-2006 (Programa Geral do Governo 2005-2006).

It is expected that these poverty reduction and national reconstruction programmes will allow the country to unleash all its potential, transforming Angola's potential wealth into real wealth and benefiting the entire Angolan population.

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