This paper is written by the Khanya-African Institute for Community-Driven Development (Khanya-aicdd) as part of research funded by DFID and managed by the Bradford Centre for International Development (BCID) entitled "How participation evolves: individuals, community workers and institutions". Khanya-aicdd is the partner in South Africa, and BCID is undertaking the work in Tanzania.
The purpose of this research is to identify the potential and constraints of community-based management and service delivery, by tracking the evolution of participation, in selected projects as shaped by the interface between individuals, community workers and institutions.
Participation and pro-poor development is both enabled and constrained by individual identities, the actions of community workers and the workings of institutions. The positive aspects can be enhanced through a greater understanding of individual motivations, institutional processes and improved monitoring techniques.
There are three research objectives:
It is using innovatory methods to track collective and individual life trajectories through life-history interviewing and auto-ethnography, with particular attention to building the capacity of local research assistants to produce their own research.
to understand individual participation in collective activity;
to understand the contribution of community-workers to participatory processes; and
to understand the possibilities for 'getting institutions right' for pro-poor development.
This report summarises the situation with CDD and challenges in South Africa (SA).