The development and implementation of Land Law is still at an early stage and many aspects (particularly community land delimitation and community consultation) are new terrain for government and NGOs alike. Over the past two and a half years SPGC and ORAM have achieved a basic level of expertise in the implementation of the Land Law in Zambézia. Procedures for community delimitation and community consultation have been tested from start to finish and the "pipeline" is more or less in place. Although the procedures were well defined in the Regulations and Technical Annex to the Law, our experience suggests there are still gaps and procedures need to be tested and developed further.
The key obstacles in the implementation of procedures for community land delimitation so far have been:
- The lack of accurate and easily accessible information concerning existing and putative land concessions (see below next section);
- an uncertainty (at least until publication of the Technical Annex in 1999) regarding the exact procedures to be used and a continuing situation of flux as systems and methodologies continue to be developed;
- the need to test methodologies and design training in PRA methodologies and in the use of GPS equipment;
- delays in obtaining approval from District Administrators for the prioritisation of community land delimitations;
- an underestimation of the time required for resolving inter-community boundary disputes; and
- the lack of clarity in the requirements for mapping and the Memória Descritiva and the format for the issuing of the Delimitation Certificate (Certificado Oficiosa)