The aim of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the policy background to the land reform process in Mozambique and offer a very generalised assessment of the extent to which this reform is improving the livelihoods of Mozambican rural people.
The generalisations made here are on the basis of the experience of one project directly supporting implementation of the new land rights legislation. The Zambézia Agricultural Development Project (ZADP) operates in the province of Zambézia, one of the poorest and most densely populated provinces in the country. As a project with three components (agricultural support, a rural micro-credit scheme and a land tenure component) it was designed to bring together complementary elements for the alleviation of rural poverty.
The paper focuses on the experiences of the land component of this project, which functions as a partnership between World Vision (UK), the provincial government land services (SPGC) and an NGO, The Association for Rural Mutual Help (ORAM). It does not attempt to review the impact of the other components of the ZADP nor to evaluate the implementation of the land component of the project. Rather, we have looked at the extent to which the objective of the new land tenure policy in alleviating poverty has been realised and have concentrated on the contextual, practical and conceptual challenges that have faced a provincial programme of land tenure reform.