In 1946, a statistics section was formed in Nairobi, Kenya, under the East African Governor's Conference (Tanganyika, Kenya and Uganda) and was responsible for;
Branches were opened up in Tanganyika and Uganda in 1949, with mainly responsibilities of data collection.
- Maintaining Statistical series prepared in earlier years,
- Analyzing returns from censuses and surveys pursued in the three colonies, and
- Working out the planning of pertinent statistical networks.
At Independence in 1961 and thereafter up to 1964 the Tanganyika Statistics Unit was transformed to a Statistics Division in the Ministry of Finance. From 1964 to date this Government Function has been under the Ministry responsible for Economic Development and Planning. The first Tanzania Chief of Division was appointed in 1969 and was the third in the series since independence. The current head is the fifth.